Case Study and Format for Case Study

Case Study and Format for Case Study

Case Study Case Study is a very important mode of investigation which is very intensive in Nature. Infact, It is an induct study about a unit, a child or individual, a community, a race, a nature, a family or a group. Case Study are important source of the data for psychologist for studing individuals. When we are concerned about Child Development, the purpose of case study is to understand the child. It is usually used to study various aspects of the learner to bring about desirable changes in him. Usually,…

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Socio Metric Method

Socio Metric Method

Socio Metric Method Socio Metric Method is a technique that may be defined as an approach which is used to study the social status of the learner in a group. The purpose of this method is to identify and help studentswho need assistance in group life so as to contributeto theiir personal development. This method gives clear idea of chooser, mutual chooses and reflection . It will also help in locating the star , isolated, rejected and neglected type of student and make plan effectively for their better development. In…

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Reinforcement and Types Of Reinforcement

reinforcement and types of reinforcement

Reinforcement and Types Of Reinforcement Reinforcement concept denotes an events that influences the probability of response to a stimulus being produced under similar condition. If the occurence of an event increases its probability it is called Positive Reinforcement or if the termination of an events increases its probability it is called Negative Reinforcement. In the teaching Reinforcement means use of such stimuli or to present them or to remove them so that the probability it is called Negative Reinforcement. In the teaching process Reinforcement means use of such stimuli or…

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Jean Piaget’s Theory of Cognitive Development

Jean Piaget’s Theory of Cognitive Development

Jean Piaget’s Theory of Cognitive Development Swiss psychologist Jean Piaget is well known for his theory which describes how humans gather and organize information and how this process changes developmentally. Theory of Jean Piaget has been regarded as cognitive development Theory. Jean Piaget supported Psychological contructivism to define development in the child. Constructivism: It is presumed that the child is construct his knowledge, cognition ,experience, learning and cognitive skill and learning by self realisation. According to Constructivism, Teacher should play role of facilitator who organise learning environment and learning opportunities…

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National Curriculum Framework (NCF 2005)

National Curriculum Framework (NCF 2005)

National Curriculum Framework (NCF 2005) The National Curriculum Framework (NCF 2005) is one of the four National Curriculum Frameworks published in 1975, 1988, 2000 and 2005 by the National Council of Educational Research and Training NCERT in India.The Yashpal Committee Report (1993), Learning Without Burden, noted: “The emphasis in these programmes should be on enabling trainees to acquire the ability for self-learning and independent thinking.”NCF is chaired by Prof. Yash Pal, and 21 National Focus Groups were set up”. National education policy NPE- 1986, Learning without burden 1992 or NCF all are related to curriculum or…

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Kohlberg’s Stages of Moral Development

Kohlberg's Stages of Moral Development

Kohlberg’s Stages of Moral Development Lawrence Kohlberg a Psychologist belonging to the university of Harvard is known for putting forward a theory of the development of moral judgment in the individual right from the years of early childhood .He has based his theory of moral development on the findings of his studies conducted on hundreds of children from different cultures. He differs from the popular view that children imbibe the sense and methods of moral judgment from their parents and elders by way of learning. According to him as soon…

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Bloom’s Taxonomy

Bloom's Taxonomy

Bloom’s Taxonomy In 1956, Benjamin S. Bloom has associated in the university of Chicago have  constructed Taxonomy for description of Instructional Objectives. Bloom describe significant and importance of Teaching Objectives. According to him, “There are 6 Levels of each Teaching Objectives”. Bloom describe the three  areas of learning Cognitive Domain Affective Domain Psychomotor Domain Areas of learning Cognitive Domain Affective Domain Psychomotor Domain Knowledge Receving Perception Comprehensive Responding Guiding Response Application valuing Mechanism Analysis conceptualization Complex Overt Response Synthesis Organisation Adaptation Evaluation Characterization Origination   Cognitive Domain This domain include…

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Lev Vygotsky’s Theory of Development

Lev Vygotsky's Theory of Development

Lev Vygotsky’s Theory of Development To define cognitive development Vygotsky given social cultural theory of development on social – cultural interaction theory of development. Vygotsky define society and social interaction as a inseparable part of cognitive development. Social interaction word is used for Vygotsky. Vygotsky ZPD ( Zone of Proximal Development ) Scaffolding Language and Thought ZPD ( Zone of Proximal Development ) Proximal =Possible + Maximum ZPD is that Zone / area / environment in which child himself construct his knowledge , experience and learning in presence of any more knowledgeable…

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Learning Difficulties, Disorder, Paralysis

Types of Learning Difficulties Dyslexia/Dislexia =  This is related to Reading Problem Dysgraphia =  Problem related to Writing Skill Discalculia = Problem related to Calculations Dyspraxia = Problem in fine motor skill Dysfunctional = Unable to deal with Social relation Dysthymia = Problem related to bones Dysphasia/Aphasis = Problem of understanding of language Dyslexmia = Person is unable to identify words like was or saw Forms of paralysis      1. Monoplesia     =   Affects just one limb , either one hand or one leg      2. Paraplesia =…

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Growth and Development

Dsssb Prt Notes,Dsssb Prt Psychology In Hindi,Notes For Ctet,Psychology For Dsssb Prt ExamGrowth and Development is the one of the main topic of psychology. Growth and Development both are different concept but both are inter-related with each other. Growth is dependent on development and Development is dependent on growth. Growth Growth is start from pre-birth or in the womb of mother and goes till maturity i.e. 16 years in female and 18 years in male. Growth is divided into parts of inner growth and outer growth.Inner growth goes from 0…

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